What is Cyber Security?

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security is technology, processes and practices designed to protect networks, computers, programs and data from attacks, damage or unauthorized access. Cyber Security is also referred to as an effort to protect information from Cyber Attack.

Cyber Attack in information operations are all types of actions that are intentionally carried out to ruin the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information. The examples of Cyber Attack are including malware erasing your entire system, a hacker breaking into your system and altering files, someone using your computer to attack others, or an attacker stealing your credit card information and making unauthorized purchases.

Cyber Security is Important
All companies that transform from digital-based data are highly recommended to prevent database leakage or any cyber security incident. Therefore, if you’re the owner of that kind of company, make sure you use cyber security in storing, accessing and retrieving important information. Protecting information and data is a huge need for companies and governments around the world because data is a valuable asset of companies.

Cyber Security is also important for government, military, corporate, financial, and medical organizations. They collect, process, and store unprecedented amounts of data on computers or other devices. The portion of data they keep are incredibly sensitive, such as intellectual property, financial data, personal information, or other types of data for which unauthorized access or exposure could have negative consequences to cyber technology. Cyber Security becomes the discipline dedicated to guard information and the system.

The Sub-Domain of Cyber Security
Organizational assets can be varied and complex. They need many tremendous efforts from all elements of its information system. There are sub-domains in Cyber Security that make one protective shield. These are also the terms you need to always remember in maintaining the safety of your systems.

1. Application Security
Application security is the implementation of various protections for all software and services against every threat. The acts are including designing secure application architectures, writing secure code, implementing strong data input validation, and threat modelling. Application security is required to minimize the likelihood of any unauthorized access or modification of application resources.

2. Identity Management and Data Security
The two are connected tightly as one strong protection. Identity management consists of includes frameworks, processes, and activities that enables authentication and authorization of legitimate individuals to information systems. Meanwhile, data security concept is including strong information storage mechanisms that ensure security of data at rest and in transit.

3. Network Security
Network security involves protection of both hardware and software mechanisms to prevent any unauthorized access, disruptions, and misuse of the network and infrastructure. Effective network security helps protect organizational assets against multiple external and internal threats.

4. Mobile Security
Mobil security is the protection of organizational and personal information stored on mobile devices like cell phones, laptops, tablets, etc. from various threats such as unauthorized access, device loss, theft, and malware.

5. Cloud Security
Cloud security means designing secure cloud architectures and applications for organization using various cloud service providers such as AWS, Google, or Azure. Its effectivity will protect assets from various threats.

6. Disaster recovery and business continuity planning (DR&BC)
DR&BC consists of processing, monitoring, alerting and planning the protection strategy that’ll help organizations prepare for critical situation of the system, such as keeping it online during and after any kind of a disaster or resuming lost operations and systems after an incident.

7. User education
The awareness of industry best practices, organizational procedures and policies as well as monitoring and reporting malicious activities, are crucial. Therefore, you need formally training individuals regarding topics on computer security.
The Challenge of Cyber Security
Cyber Security needs a comprehensive handling because even high-profile security breaches of organizations such as Equifax, Yahoo, and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), couldn’t avoid cybercrime, such as losing extremely sensitive user information. Finding Cyber Security’s strategy isn’t an easy task. The ever-evolving software that is updated and modified becomes a problem by introducing new issues making it vulnerable to various cyber-attacks. The IT infrastructure is also evolving by setting a whole new design and implementation issues resulting in a new category of vulnerabilities.

This chaotic situation cyber technology can be seen from a report by RiskBased Security that states 7.9 billion records have been exposed by data breaches in the first nine months of 2019. The number is more than double (112%) of records exposed in the same period in 2018. It is not surprising that the International Data Corporation predicts the worldwide spending on cyber-security solutions will reach a massive $133.7 billion by 2022.

Looking at the rapid advancement of cyber technology and the never-ending problems, it’s fair to say that we need a progress in maintaining Cyber Security. It will be the protective shield that determines the continuity of a business or even a country.

Sources:
https://www.ncsc.gov.uk/section/about-ncsc/what-is-cyber-security
https://www.synopsys.com/glossary/what-is-cyber-security.html

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